The monastery was established and funded by order of Manchu Yongzheng Emperor (and completed under his successor the Qianlong Emperor) to serve as a final resting place for Zanabazar (1635–1723), the first Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, or spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism for the Khalkha in Outer Mongolia and a spiritual mentor to both emperors' ancestor, the Kangxi Emperor. Tradition holds that while searching for an appropriate site to build the monastery, the exploratory group came across two young boys, Amur and Bayasqulangtu, playing on the steppe. They were inspired to build the monastery on that very spot and to name it after the two children, Amur-Bayasqulangtu. More likely, the location was chosen because it stood at the place where the lama's traveling Da Khuree (his mobile monastery and prime residence) was encamped at the moment of his death. Construction took place between 1727 and 1736 and Zanabazar's remains were transferred there in 1779.
The Uran Togoo - Tulga Uul Natural Monument
The Uran Togoo - Tulga Uul Natural Monument is a national protected area in the Bulgan Province of Mongolia. It is located about 60 km directly west of Bulgan city around the extinct volcanoes Uran Togoo, Tulga, Togoo, and Jalavch Uul.
All four mountain names allude to their volcanic past with designations borrowed from around the fireplace. The Uran Togoo and Togoo mountains are named for their bowl shape, the Tulga mountain for its three mounds reminding of the traditional iron tripod kettle support. Jalavch is a term for a small pot.
The area is situated in the Khutag-Öndör district of Bulgan Province. A smaller area was initially protected in 1965 by State Great Khural Resolution No. 17. In 1995, it was designated as a monument by Parliament Resolution No. 26 with an area of 5,800 hectares.
Khuvsgul nuur is located in the northwest of Mongolia near the Russian border, at the foot of the eastern Sayan Mountains. It is 1,645 metres above sea level, 136 kilometres long and 262 metres deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, and holds almost 70% of Mongolia's fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world. The town of Hatgal is at the southern end of the lake.
Khuvsgul is one of seventeen ancient lakes in the world, being more than 2 million years old, and the most pristine, as well as being the most significant drinking water reserve of Mongolia. Its water is potable without any treatment. Hovsgol is an ultraoligotrophic lake with low levels of nutrients, primary productivity and high water clarity. Hovsgol's fish community is species-poor compared to that of Lake Baikal. Species of commercial and recreational interest include Eurasian perch, burbot, lenok, and the endangered endemic Hovsgol grayling. Though endangered by poaching during its spawning runs, the Hovsgol grayling is still abundant throughout much of the lake.
Zuun Nuur lake is situated about 2000 meters above sea level and it can be really cold (below 13 degrees) in the evening even during summer time. It is a salt water lake and it’s so exclusive that it is not even marked on the google map
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake:
This lake with crystal clear water near Khorgo's pot is located in Tariat soum of Arkhangai province. It is believed that the hot-tailed melting of volcanic substance in the north of the Khangai Mountains originated from the Khangai ranges. Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake was formed by lava flows from the volcanic eruption many millennia ago and is excellent for swimming. Hidden along the shore are stretches of sandy beach, perfect for swimming. There is also an option of exploring the lake by boat. On the east of the Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake, dead volcano Khorgo lies. In this lake, there are over 10 river basins, the largest of which is Terkh River. The only river that flows out is the Suman River. There is a small island in the middle of the lake, and it is possible to harvest fruit when it reaches the motorboat. It is a brilliant place for hiking, fishing, camping, horse backing, and picking up fruits in the wonderful forest.
A volcano erupted about 9 thousand years ago is located in Tariat soum, Arkhangai province. One of the most recent volcanic eruptions in our country is that the steam is a "fresh" volcano. At the top of the side of Khorgo's pot, the view of Terkhiin Tsagaan lake looks beautiful. When it comes to high water, it is very nice to see the lake inside the Khorgo's pot. Tourists can pick up and eat the fruits when they are growing.
Kharkhorum city's ruins /ancient capital of Mongolia/ Erdene Zuu:
As a major fact that the capital of the Great Mongolian State was present in the Erdene Zuu monastery as a result of the study of ancient ruins near the Erdene Zuu monastery, Erdene Zuu monastery was researched here. The monastery is the oldest Buddhist monastery in Mongolia, and its proximity to Kharkhorin soum of Uvurkhangai province is situated beside the ancient capital of Mongolia /Kharkhorum/.
Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dune
The main road separates Elsen Tasarkhai sand dune into two parts, Mongol Els on the south and Khugnu Tarnyn Els on the north. Elsen Tasarkhai sand is sodden under its surface, so shrubberies such as willow, elm and dogwood, grow in the area. There are many tourist camps around Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes. Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes is surrounded by Mount Khugnu Khan on the north and Mount Ikh Mongol on the south.
Hustai National Park
The Mongolian Government declared Hustai National Park as a Specially Protected Area in 1993, one year after the initiation of the reintroduction project of the Takhi (Przewalski's horse) to the Hustain Nuruu. The HNP extends through the Khentii Mountains and includes the western edge of the Mongolian steppe at the boundaries of Altanbulag, Argalant and Bayankhangai Soums of Töv Province. The park is about 100 km from the capital city of Ulaanbaatar to the west.
The HNP covers 50,600 ha land which is home to 459 species of vascular plants, 85 species of lichens, 90 species of moss and 33 species of mushrooms. 44 species of mammals have been recorded, including Altai wapiti, Mongolian gazelle, roe deer, wild boar, wild sheep, ibex, Mongolian marmots, grey wolves, Eurasian lynx, Pallas cat, red fox, corsac fox and Eurasian badger. The 217 species of birds include golden eagle, lammergeier, great bustard, whooper swan, black stork, Daurian partridge and little owl. There are 16 species of fish, 2 species of amphibians, and 385 species of insects (including 21 species of ants, 55 species of butterflies, 10 species of bush crickets and 29 species of grasshoppers). A new species of soil insect has been found in the Hustai and given the scientific name of Epidamaeus khustaiensis.
Transit province: UB-Selenge-Bulgan-Khuvsgul-Arkhangai-Tuv-UB
Total days: 7 night / 8 day
Total distance: 2500km
1 day UB - Amarbayasgalant monastery
2 day Amarbayasgalant monastery-The Uran Togoo - Tulga Uul Natural Monument
3 day The Uran Togoo - Tulga Uul Natural Monument - Murun city - Khuvsgul lake
4 day Khuvsgul lake - Zuun Lake
5 day Zuun Lake - Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake & Khorgo Volcano
6 day Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake & Khorgo Volcano - Tsetserleg city - Khar khorum - Elsen tasarkhai - Hustai National Park
7 day Khar khorum - Elsen tasarkhai - Hustai National Park
8 day Hustai National Park - UB
Services included in the cost:
- Transportation vehicle: starex, county, aero express
- Accommodation: camp, guest house, tent
- All meals during the travel
- Entrance fees to protected areas and national parks
- Camel ride
Services not included in the cost:
- International airfare
- Travel insurance
- Accommodation in Ulaanbaatar
- Personal equipment
- Optional activity cost
- Alcohol drink
- Sleeping bag
- Single room supplement
- Shop for shops and gift shops